One-step size-controlled synthesis of functional graphene oxide/silver nanocomposites at room temperature

S. Vijay Kumar, N. M. Huang, H. N. Lim, A. R. Marlinda, I. Harrison, C. H. Chia

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    73 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    A stable aqueous suspension of functional graphene oxide/silver nanocomposite (FGO/Ag) was prepared in an alkaline medium by a simple room temperature stirring method. Functional graphene oxide (FGO) served as substrate, reducing agent and stabilizer for the silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs). The pH of the solution played a prominent role in the formation of the Ag-NPs. The morphology of the nanoparticles (NPs) could be controlled by adjusting the pH between 9.51 and 12.62 by adding NaOH solution. The aqueous stability of the nanocomposites was greatly improved by the attached functional groups. UV-visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) images suggested the formation of spherical, Ag-NPs with a narrow size distribution at pH 11.40. The nanocomposites showed high bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli bacteria and also enhancement in Raman intensity due to surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), which was found to be dependent on the size distribution of the Ag-NPs. This work provides a simple, scalable and environmentally friendly approach to the preparation of a FGO/Ag nanocomposite with promising antibacterial and SERS properties.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)217-224
    Number of pages8
    JournalChemical Engineering Journal
    Volume219
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Mar 2013

    Keywords

    • Functionalization
    • Graphene oxide
    • Nanocomposites
    • Silver

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