On the Performance of Laser-Powered UAV-Assisted SWIPT Enabled Multiuser Communication Network With Hybrid NOMA

Sandeep Kumar Singh, Kamal Agrawal, Keshav Singh, Ankur Bansal, Chih Peng Li, Zhiguo Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Owing to the factors such as controllable mobility, ready-to-use technology, low cost, easy implementation, and so on, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) possesses tremendous potential to be one of the primary candidates for next-generation (6G) wireless networks. This paper presents a UAV-assisted multiuser communication network where a multiple antenna UAV base station (BS) serves multiple single antenna ground users (GUs). UAV-BS uses a laser source-based charging mechanism to fulfill its power requirement and applies simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) in the downlink in order to provide desired power to energy-constrained GUs. Also, a clustering-based hybrid multiple access technique is used that combines both orthogonal multiple access (OMA) and non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) signaling to transmit the information to all GUs, simultaneously. Due to the involved analytical complexity corresponding to the multiple antennas and users, we use a hybrid beamforming method for efficient communication. Next, we analyze the performance of the proposed framework in terms of user outage probabilities, their respective throughput, and average power harvested considering non-linear energy harvesting and derive expressions of these performance metrics. Moreover, we formulate an optimization problem where the throughput of one GU is maximized by optimally choosing the power allocation parameter while ensuring the desired target throughput at other GU in each cluster. We also illustrate how crucial is the optimal selection of the target rates to maximize the network performance. Simulation results are provided to validate the accuracy of derived expressions and to highlight the dominance of hybrid beamforming and hybrid NOMA compared to conventional methods on the performance of the considered network.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)3912-3929
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Volume70
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Downlink
  • Laser power
  • Multiuser communication
  • Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)
  • Optimization
  • Orthogonal multiple access (OMA)
  • Simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT)
  • Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)

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