Numerical study of the formation process of ferrofluid droplets

Jing Liu, Yit Fatt Yap, Nam Trung Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


This paper numerically investigates the influence of a uniform magnetic field on the droplet formation process at a microfluidic flow focusing configuration. The mathematical model was formulated by considering the balance of forces such as interfacial tension, magnetic force, and viscous stress across the liquid/liquid interface. A linearly magnetizable fluid was assumed. The magnetic force acts as a body force where the magnetic permeability jumps across the interface. The governing equations were solved with finite volume method on a Cartesian fixed staggered grid. The evolution of the interface was captured by the particle level set method. The code was validated with the equilibrium steady state of a ferrofluid droplet exposed to a uniform magnetic field. The evolution of the droplet formation in a flow focusing configuration was discussed. The paper mainly analyzes the effects of magnetic Bond number and the susceptibility on the velocity field and the droplet size. The droplet size increased with increasing magnetic strength and susceptibility.

Original languageBritish English
Article number072008
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number7
StatePublished - 27 Jul 2011


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