Numerical modeling of heart valves using resistive Eulerian surfaces

Aymen Laadhari, Alfio Quarteroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The goal of this work is the development and numerical implementation of a mathematical model describing the functioning of heart valves. To couple the pulsatile blood flow with a highly deformable thin structure (the valve's leaflets), a resistive Eulerian surfaces framework is adopted. A lumped-parameter model helps to couple the movement of the leaflets with the blood dynamics. A reduced circulation model describes the systemic hemodynamics and provides a physiological pressure profile at the downstream boundary of the valve. The resulting model is relatively simple to describe for a healthy valve and pathological heart valve functioning while featuring an affordable computational burden. Efficient time and spatial discretizations are considered and implemented. We address in detail the main features of the proposed method, and we report several numerical experiments for both two-dimensional and three-dimensional cases with the aim of illustrating its accuracy.

Original languageBritish English
Article numbere02743
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • Finite element method
  • Heart valves
  • Hemodynamics
  • Level set
  • Numerical modeling
  • Reduced order modeling

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