Numerical investigation of a centrifugal compressor for supercritical CO2 as a working fluid

Seong Gu Kim, Yoonhan Ahn, Jekyoung Lee, Jeong Ik Lee, Yacine Addad, Bockseong Ko

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    12 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The supercritical carbon dioxide (S-CO2) Brayton cycle is considered as a strong candidate for power conversion systems. This includes concentrated solar power, coal power, bottoming cycle to fuel cells, and the next generation nuclear systems. In the previous studies, it was identified that the compressor consumes very small compressing work as operating condition approaches to the critical point. Thus, smaller amount of input work contributes to the enhancement of overall cycle efficiency. To achieve an efficient S-CO2 cycle, one of the major technical challenges exists in the compressor design. At KAIST, a research team is conducting a S-CO2 compressor tests to obtain fundamental data for advanced compressor design and to measure the performance of the compressor near the critical point. The measurements reveal the S-CO2 fluid to have properties of gases and liquids at the same time, but in regards to compressibility and density variation, its behavior is much closer to the liquid rather than gas near the critical point. In this paper, a CFD analysis of S-CO2 centrifugal compressor with the full geometry including diffuser and volute is presented. The numerical results are compared to the experimental data from KAIST SCO2 Pressurizing Experiment facility. A 3D grid was generated starting from the model of the compressor full geometry provided by the manufacturer. Furthermore, a property table of CO2 was generated by an in-house code and implemented to the CFD code. Then the performance characteristic of S-CO2 compressor is investigated in terms of compressor efficiency and pressure ratio. Additional flow variables inside the compressor such as velocity, pressure and viscosity are also investigated to help understanding the main reason behind the relatively higher compressor efficiency near the critical point compared to other flow conditions far from this region. In general acceptable results in comparison to the experiment are obtained (order of error from 0.5 to 7% for the compressor efficiency). Hence, the current CFD results should be able to provide additional and detailed information to be used for design enhancements of the compressor for S-CO2 Brayton power cycle.

    Original languageBritish English
    Title of host publicationOil and Gas Applications; Organic Rankine Cycle Power Systems; Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles; Wind Energy
    ISBN (Electronic)9780791845660
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2014
    EventASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2014 - Dusseldorf, Germany
    Duration: 16 Jun 201420 Jun 2014

    Publication series

    NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
    Volume3B

    Conference

    ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2014
    Country/TerritoryGermany
    CityDusseldorf
    Period16/06/1420/06/14

    Keywords

    • Centrifugal Compressor
    • CFD for Supercritical fluids
    • CO Brayton cycle
    • S-CO Compressor
    • Supercritical CO

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