Numerical investigation and optimization of melting performance for thermal energy storage system partially filled with metal foam layer: New design configurations

Zoubida Haddad, Farida Iachachene, Mikhail A. Sheremet, Eiyad Abu-Nada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low thermal performance of storage systems represents a barrier to their industrial/engineering application and commercialization. Among all the proposed methods, combination of phase change material with metal foams appears more promising due to the high thermal conductivity of metal foams. However, the insertion of metal foams reduces the PCM volume; hence, a lower amount of stored energy. The present numerical study thoroughly addresses this issue with a focus on the optimization of melting performance for thermal energy storage system partially filled with metal foam layer. A finite volume method based on the enthalpy–porosity technique has been adopted for the numerical simulations. The metal foam location, porosity, and nanoparticle volume fraction were optimized to explore their effects on the melting performance. The results showed that inserting the foam layer diagonally from the top left to the right bottom leads to the lowest melting time. Compared to pure PCM, the melting time increases by 77.7%, while the stored energy decreases by 6.7%. The optimum porosity was found to be 0.88 as it gives approximately the same amount of stored energy as that of pure PCM with a deviation of 4%. Adding nanoparticles to pure PCM increases the melting rate by approximately 8%, while it decreases the stored energy by almost 3%. It is concluded that hybrid systems, i.e., metal foam at an optimum porosity and nanoparticles is more efficient than using each technique separately.

Original languageBritish English
Article number119809
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume223
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Convective flow
  • Enthalpy-porosity approach
  • Heat transfer
  • Metal foam
  • Nanoparticles
  • Numerical simulation
  • Phase change material
  • Square cavity

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