Numerical analysis of Al2O3/water nanofluids natural convection in a wavy walled cavity

Eiyad Abu-Nada, Hakan F. Oztop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations


In the present work, heat transfer enhancement of Al2O 3-water nanofluids in natural convection applied to differentially heated wavy cavities is investigated numerically. The governing equations are written in stream function-vorticity form and solved by using the finite volume technique. The effective thermal conductivity and viscosity of the nanofluid are approximated by the Maxwell-Garnetts and Brinkman models, respectively. The solutions are presented by streamlines, isotherms, local and mean Nusselt numbers, and velocity profiles for different Rayleigh numbers (10 3≤Ra≤105), amplitude of wavy wall (0.85≤a≤1.1), and different volume fraction of nanofluids (φ=0.05 and 0.1). It is observed that the addition of a nanoparticle of Al2O 3 into the base fluid increases the mean Nusselt number. It is also more effective on flow field than that of temperature distribution. The geometry parameter or surface waviness can be decided to heat transfer regime even for the same Rayleigh number.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)403-419
Number of pages17
JournalNumerical Heat Transfer; Part A: Applications
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 2011


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