Novel biophysical techniques for investigating long-term cell adhesion dynamics on biomaterial surfaces

Z. Feng, N. Cai, V. Chan, P. S. Mhaisalka, K. S. Chian, B. D. Ratner, K. Liao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Cell adhesion on biomaterial surface is crucial for the regeneration and function of clinically viable cell and tissues. In turn, the cellular phenotypes, following the mechanochemical transduction of adherent cells on biomaterials, are directly correlated to the biophysical responses of cells. However, the lack of an integrated bio-analytical system for probing the cell-substrate interface poses significant obstacles to understanding the behavior of cells on biomaterial surface. We have developed a novel method, based on the principle of confocal reflectance interference contrast microscopy (C-RICM) that has enabled us to study the biomechanical deformation of cells on biomaterial surfaces. In this article, we would like to describe our recent development of the C-RICM system that integrates a confocal fluorescence microscope, phase contrast microscope and GFP expression system. We shall demonstrate the system by determining the adhesion contact kinetics, initial deformation rate, cytoskeleton structures of adherent cells on extracellular matrices (e.g., collagen and fibronectin) and biodegradable polymer (e.g., poly(lactic acid)) during long-term culture. We shall demonstrate that this unique approach could provide valuable biophysical information necessary for designing optimized biomaterial surfaces for cell/tissue regeneration applications.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publicationTissue Engineering
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9780387326641
StatePublished - 2006

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
ISSN (Print)0065-2598


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