TY - JOUR

T1 - Nonlinear transversely isotropic elastic solids

T2 - An alternative representation

AU - Shariff, M. H.B.M.

PY - 2008/5

Y1 - 2008/5

N2 - A strain energy function which depends on five independent variables that have immediate physical interpretation is proposed for finite strain deformations of transversely isotropic elastic solids. Three of the five variables (invariants) are the principal stretch ratios and the other two are squares of the dot product between the preferred direction and two principal directions of the right stretch tensor. The set of these five invariants is a minimal integrity basis. A strain energy function, expressed in terms of these invariants, has a symmetry property similar to that of an isotropic elastic solid written in terms of principal stretches. Ground state and stress - strain relations are given. The formulation is applied to several types of deformations, and in these applications, a mathematical simplicity is highlighted. The proposed model is attractive if principal axes techniques are used in solving boundary-value problems. Experimental advantage is demonstrated by showing that a simple triaxial test can vary a single invariant while keeping the remaining invariants fixed. A specific form of strain energy function can be easily obtained from the general form via a triaxial test. Using series expansions and symmetry, the proposed general strain energy function is refined to some particular forms. Since the principal stretches are the invariants of the strain energy function, the Valanis-Landel form can be easily incorporated into the constitutive equation. The sensitivity of response functions to Cauchy stress data is discussed for both isotropic and transversely isotropic materials. Explicit expressions for the weighted Cauchy response functions are easily obtained since the response function basis is almost mutually orthogonal.

AB - A strain energy function which depends on five independent variables that have immediate physical interpretation is proposed for finite strain deformations of transversely isotropic elastic solids. Three of the five variables (invariants) are the principal stretch ratios and the other two are squares of the dot product between the preferred direction and two principal directions of the right stretch tensor. The set of these five invariants is a minimal integrity basis. A strain energy function, expressed in terms of these invariants, has a symmetry property similar to that of an isotropic elastic solid written in terms of principal stretches. Ground state and stress - strain relations are given. The formulation is applied to several types of deformations, and in these applications, a mathematical simplicity is highlighted. The proposed model is attractive if principal axes techniques are used in solving boundary-value problems. Experimental advantage is demonstrated by showing that a simple triaxial test can vary a single invariant while keeping the remaining invariants fixed. A specific form of strain energy function can be easily obtained from the general form via a triaxial test. Using series expansions and symmetry, the proposed general strain energy function is refined to some particular forms. Since the principal stretches are the invariants of the strain energy function, the Valanis-Landel form can be easily incorporated into the constitutive equation. The sensitivity of response functions to Cauchy stress data is discussed for both isotropic and transversely isotropic materials. Explicit expressions for the weighted Cauchy response functions are easily obtained since the response function basis is almost mutually orthogonal.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=43049101695&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/qjmam/hbm028

DO - 10.1093/qjmam/hbm028

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:43049101695

SN - 0033-5614

VL - 61

SP - 129

EP - 149

JO - Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics

JF - Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics

IS - 2

ER -