Nonlinear RLS Algorithm for Impulsive CDMA Channels

B. S. Sharif, T. C. Chuah, O. R. Hinton, S. A. Jimaa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Multiuser detection constitutes a class of advanced interference mitigation techniques for increasing the capacity of CDMA communication systems. Thus far, the work has been carried out under the Gaussian noise assumption for analytical convenience and yet physical noise encountered in real-life channels is impulsive and decidedly non-Gaussian. Since Gaussian signal processing schemes can perform poorly in impulsive noise, the applicability and performance of such multiuser detectors in realistic channels become strongly questionable. This paper addresses the development of non-Gaussian techniques for CDMA communications, by first examining the performance degradation of Linear Gaussian-based multiuser detectors in impulsive noise and then by presenting a nonlinear technique to yield a more robust performance. A common approach to linear adaptive interference suppression in Direct Sequence CDMA is based on the Least Mean Square (LMS) or Recursive Least Square (RLS) algorithms to capture the cyclo-stationarity of multiple access interference (MAI) adaptively, mostly under the minimum mean squared error (MMSE) criterion. However, under impulsive noise environments, the performance of the conventional RLS algorithm deteriorates substantially, and therefore, a robust algorithm based on nonlinear RLS is suggested to obtain a modified CDMA receiver structure. Simulation results are presented to demonstrate that the proposed modified nonlinear RLS algorithm significantly outperforms the conventional RLS algorithm whilst it maintains comparable performance in Gaussian channels.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2003
EventInternet Quality of Service - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: 9 Sep 200310 Sep 2003


  • CDMA
  • Impulsive noise
  • Multiuser detection
  • RLS


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