Non-Newtonian behaviors of crumb rubber-modified bituminous binders

Haopeng Wang, Xueyan Liu, Panos Apostolidis, Tom Scarpas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Crumb rubber-modified bitumen (CRMB) has been utilized in the asphalt paving industry for decades due to its various benefits. The complex interaction between bitumen and crumb rubber as well as the addition of warm-mix additives makes the typical laws of Newtonian fluids insufficient to describe the behaviors of highly modified bituminous binders. To systematically explore the non-Newtonian behaviors of CRMB, a dynamic shear rheometer was utilized to apply shear loading on the samples at various temperatures and shear rates. Results show that the viscosity of different binders are highly temperature- and shear rate-dependent, while highly modified binders exhibit more obvious shear-thinning behaviors at certain temperatures. With the help of zero shear viscosity and yield stress, the shear-thinning behaviors of non-Newtonian binders can be sufficiently characterized. The Arrhenius equation is invalid to describe viscosity-temperature characteristics of bitumen in the non-Newtonian region. A second-order polynomial function was proposed to characterize the viscosity-temperature dependence with a high correlation degree.

Original languageBritish English
Article number1760
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number10
StatePublished - 29 Sep 2018


  • Bitumen
  • Crumb rubber modifier (CRM)
  • Non-Newtonian behavior
  • Viscosity
  • Warm mix asphalt


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