Non-communication based time-current-voltage dual setting directional overcurrent protection for radial distribution systems with DG

Ahmed Abdullah Balyith, Hebatallah Mohamed Sharaf, Mostafa Shaaban, Ehab F. El-Saadany, H. H. Zeineldin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel protection scheme equipped with time current voltage dual setting directional overcurrent relays for radial distribution systems with (distributed generation) DG without the need of communication assistance. The proposed protection scheme is formulated as a nonlinear programming problem where the main objective is to determine the optimal relay forward and reverse settings to minimize the relay overall operating times. The proposed scheme, based on the time current voltage dual settings directional overcurrent relay, is applied to the IEEE 33-bus radial distribution system with synchronous-based DG and its performance is compared against the conventional protection schemes that rely on both standard overcurrent relays and time current voltage directional overcurrent relays (proposed in the literature). The results show that, for radial distribution systems, the proposed scheme is capable of mitigating protection coordination failure due to DG reverse fault currents (a limitation in overcurrent relays), does not require communication (a limitation for meshed distribution systems) and does not require additional relays (a limitation in directional overcurrent relays) and thus making such relays more suitable for protecting radial distribution systems with DG.

Original languageBritish English
Article number3029818
Pages (from-to)190572-190581
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Directional overcurrent relays
  • Distributed generations (DGs)
  • Optimization
  • Protection coordination

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