Ni supported on CaO-MgO-Al2O3 as a highly selective and stable catalyst for H2 production via the glycerol steam reforming reaction

N. D. Charisiou, K. N. Papageridis, L. Tzounis, V. Sebastian, S. J. Hinder, M. A. Baker, M. AlKetbi, K. Polychronopoulou, M. A. Goula

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148 Scopus citations

Abstract

A comparative study of the GSR performance for Ni/CaO-MgO-Al2O3 and Ni/Al2O3 catalysts is reported. Catalysts were synthesized applying the wet impregnation method at a constant metal loading (8 wt %). Synthesized samples were characterized by N2 adsorption/desorption, ICP, BET, XRD, NH3-TPD, CO2-TPD, H2-TPR, XPS, TEM, STEM-HAADF and EDS. The carbon deposited on their surface under reaction conditions was characterized by TPO, Raman and TEM. It was proven that the use of CaO-MgO as alumina modifiers leads to smaller nickel species crystallite size, increased basicity and surface amount of Ni0 phase. Thus, it increases the conversion to gaseous products favoring H2 and CO2 production to the detriment of CO formation, by enhancing the water gas-shift (WGS) reaction. No liquid products were produced by the Ni/modAl catalyst over 550 °C, whereas time on stream results confirmed that deactivation can be prevented, as apart from decreasing the amount of coke deposition the nature of carbon was altered towards less graphitic and more defective structures.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)256-273
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • AlO modifiers
  • CaO-MgO doping
  • Glycerol steam reforming
  • H production
  • Ni catalysts

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