Ni catalysts based on attapulgite for hydrogen production through the glycerol steam reforming reaction

Nikolaos D. Charisiou, Victor Sebastian, Steven J. Hinder, Mark A. Baker, Kyriaki Polychronopoulou, Maria A. Goula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Attapulgite (ATP, a natural clay) was used as carrier to produce a nickel-based catalyst (Ni/ATP) for the work that is presented herein. Its catalytic performance was comparatively assessed with a standard Ni/Al2O3 sample for the glycerol steam reforming (GSR) reaction. It was shown that the ATP support led to lower mean Ni crystallite size, i.e., it increased the dispersion of the active phase, to the easier reduction of NiO and also increased the basicity of the catalytic material. It was also shown that it had a significant effect on the distribution of the gaseous products. Specifically, for the Ni/ATP catalyst, the production of liquid effluents was minimal and subsequently, conversion of glycerol into gaseous products was higher. Importantly, the Ni/ATP favored the conversion into H2 and CO2 to the detriment of CO and CH4. The stability experiments, which were undertaken at a low WGFR, showed that the activity of both catalysts was affected with time as a result of carbon deposition and/or metal particle sintering. An examination of the spent catalysts revealed that the coke deposits consisted of filamentous carbon, a type that is known to encapsulate the active phase with fatal consequences.

Original languageBritish English
Article number650
JournalCatalysts
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Attapulgite
  • Glycerol
  • Hydrogen production
  • Natural clays
  • Ni catalysts
  • Steam reforming

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ni catalysts based on attapulgite for hydrogen production through the glycerol steam reforming reaction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this