New performance correlations of municipal solid waste gasification for sustainable syngas fuel production

Amira Nemmour, Abrar Inayat, Isam Janajreh, Chaouki Ghenai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the most important carbonaceous solid waste collected by the municipality that includes residential, industrial, institutional, commercial and construction waste. In this work, modelling and simulation analyses using ASPEN plus simulation software integrated with response surface methodology (RSM)-based optimization method are used to investigate the performance of MSW gasification process. The principal objective is to develop new correlations for the key performance indicators of MSW gasification (hydrogen H2 and carbon monoxide CO contents in the syngas, cold gasification efficiency CGE, and carbon conversion CC) versus three main input factors (gasification temperature 600–1000 C , equivalence ratio 0.1–0.5, and oxygen content in air 21–100%). The MSW gasification model was developed using Aspen Plus and the results were validated with experimental data. The comparison showed a good agreement between the simulation and experimental results. RSM based on central composite design (CCD) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to optimize the MSW gasification process. New correlations for the output variable (H2, CO, CGE, and CC) of the gasification process were presented by second-order polynomial equations. The results showed that the coefficients of determination R2 for the predicted model for H2, CO, CGE, and CC were respectively 0.9913, 0.9630, 0.9618 and 0.9730 (high accuracy of the new proposed correlations or the regression models). The optimized gasifier operating parameters to maximize the H2, CO, CGE, and CC are T = 1000 C , ER = 0.132 and oxygen = 100%. The optimum values for the H2, CO, CGE, and CC are 44.86%, 53.8%, 95.04%, and 79.96%, respectively. The results showed that the most significant factors affecting the H2, CO, CGE, and CC in order of importance are respectively gasification temperature, oxygen percentage and equivalence ratio.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)4271-4289
Number of pages19
JournalBiomass Conversion and Biorefinery
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Gasification
  • Modelling
  • Municipal solid waste
  • New correlations
  • Optimization
  • Response surface method
  • Syngas
  • Thermal conversion process

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