New high performance waterborne organic-inorganic hybrid materials from UV curing

Kishore Kumar Jena, Ramanuj Narayan, K. V.S.N. Raju

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The third generation glycerol based hyperbranched polyester (HBPE-3G) was synthesized by reacting glycerol and 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid in a stoichiometric molar ratio. This polyester was used as preparation for waterborne hyperbranched UV cured polyurethane-silica hybrid coatings. The acrylic terminated waterborne coatings were prepared by modifying some of the hydroxyl groups HBPE-3G to acidic groups by reacting with maleic anhydride. The remaining hydroxyl groups were reacted with NCO terminated acrylate. Then the prepolymer was neutralized with triethyl amine and dispersed in water. The waterborne hybrid formulations were prepared by mixing 3, 5 and 10% of trimethoxysilylpropyl methacrylate (TMSPM) into the acrylic terminated waterborne coatings. The films were casted and cured under UV light. The various film properties were studied by XRD, AFM, TGA and DMTA instruments. TGA result suggests that the onset degradation temperature and final mass residue increase with increasing TMSPM concentration. DMTA results show that the storage modulus and glass transition temperature increase for the hybrid formulations with increasing TMSPM concentration. The structural characterization of the hybrid coatings was performed using FTIR spectroscopy. The tensile test demonstrated that the mechanical properties improve with the increasing TMSPM content. Surface morphology was studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM). AFM study revealed that TMSPM was crosslinked homogenously through the polymer matrix. The TGA and DMTA data suggest that higher thermal stability and glass transition temperature (Tg) for the TMSPM hybrid films compared to their pure counterparts were obtained with increasing the TMSPM content.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)1418-1424
    Number of pages7
    JournalProgress in Organic Coatings
    Volume76
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 2013

    Keywords

    • AFM
    • Coatings
    • DMTA
    • FTIR
    • TGA
    • Water borne

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