Near-critical CO2 flow measurement and visualization

Farzan Kazemifar, Dimitrios C. Kyritsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Near-critical CO2 flow has been studied because of its potential application in carbon dioxide capture and sequestration, which is one of the proposed solutions for reducing greenhouse gas emission. Near the critical point the thermophysical properties of the fluid undergo abrupt changes that affect the flow structure and characteristics. Pressure drop across a stainless steel tube, 2 ft long with 0.084 in. ID, at different inlet conditions and mass flow rates have been measured. The effects of variations of inlet conditions have been studied. The results show extreme sensitivity of pressure drop to inlet conditions especially inlet temperature in the vicinity of the critical point. Also, shadowgraphs have been acquired to study the flow structure qualitatively.

Original languageBritish English
Article number012002
JournalJournal of Energy Resources Technology, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2015


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