Natural convection in nanofluids: Are the thermophoresis and Brownian motion effects significant in nanofluid heat transfer enhancement?

Zoubida Haddad, Eiyad Abu-Nada, Hakan F. Oztop, Amina Mataoui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

232 Scopus citations

Abstract

Natural convection heat transfer and fluid flow of CuO-Water nanofluids is studied using the Rayleigh-Bénard problem. A two component non-homogenous equilibrium model is used for the nanofluid that incorporates the effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis. Variable thermal conductivity and variable viscosity are taken into account in this work. Finite volume method is used to solve governing equations. Results are presented by streamlines, isotherms, nanoparticle distribution, local and mean Nusselt numbers and nanoparticle profiles at top and bottom side. Comparison of two cases as absence of Brownian and thermophoresis effects and presence of Brownian and thermophoresis effects showed that higher heat transfer is formed with the presence of Brownian and thermophoresis effect. In general, by considering the role of thermophoresis and Brownian motion, an enhancement in heat transfer is observed at any volume fraction of nanoparticles. However, the enhancement is more pronounced at low volume fraction of nanoparticles and the heat transfer decreases by increasing nanoparticle volume fraction. On the other hand, by neglecting the role of thermophoresis and Brownian motion, deterioration in heat transfer is observed and this deterioration elevates by increasing the volume fraction of nanoparticles.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)152-162
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Thermal Sciences
Volume57
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Brownian
  • Nanofluid
  • Natural convection
  • Thermophoresis

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