Nanoscale investigation of photoinduced hydrophilicity variations in anatase and rutile nanopowders

M. V. Diamanti, K. R. Gadelrab, M. P. Pedeferri, M. Stefancich, S. O. Pehkonen, M. Chiesa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The photoactive properties of TiO2 are employed to develop surfaces with self-cleaning capabilities. Clearly, the fine-tuning of such surfaces for different applications relies on a holistic understanding of the different aspects that induce the self-cleaning behavior. Among those, the mechanisms responsible for the photoinduced surface alteration in the TiO 2 allotropes are still not completely understood. In this study, TiO2 polymorphs nanopowders are investigated by combining the high spatial resolution observables of recently developed atomic force microscopy (AFM) based force spectroscopy techniques with diffuse reflection infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS). Phase maps under irradiated and nonirradiated conditions for anatase and rutile suggest the existence of two distinct behaviors that are further discerned by energy analysis of amplitude and phase vs distance curves. Independently, surface analysis of anatase and rutile by means of DRIFTS spectroscopy reveals a readily distinguishable coexistence of dissociated water and molecular water on the two phases, confirming the stronger photoactivity of anatase. The peculiarity of the surface interaction under UV exposure is further investigated by reconstructing the force profiles between the oscillating AFM tip and the TiO2 phases with the attempt of gaining a better understanding of the mechanisms that cause the different hydrophilic properties in the TiO2 allotropes.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)14512-14518
Number of pages7
JournalLangmuir
Volume29
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Nov 2013

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