Nanoporous hollow fiber polyethersulfone membranes for the removal of residual contaminants from treated wastewater effluent: Functional and molecular implications

Adewale Giwa, Sudip Chakraborty, Musthafa O. Mavukkandy, Hassan A. Arafat, Shadi W. Hasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hollow fiber membranes consisting of polyethersulfone (PES) reformed with high proportions of –OH, aryl-N and alkyl-F groups in nonsolvent additives were compared for the removal of residual Cr (VI), COD, and bacteria from treated wastewater effluent by studying the underlying functional and molecular interactions during dope preparation and phase separation. These interactions were also studied and compared in the context of dope and membrane characteristics such as dope viscosity, membrane morphology, water contact angle, functionalities in the fabricated membranes, pure water permeability and rejection of residual solute. The membranes were characterized via Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. For nonsolvent additives with –OH group, molecular weights and dope viscosity exhibited more impact on phase separation whereas for those with aryl-N and alkyl-F groups, phase separation was influenced by thermodynamic instability. Functional interactions also influenced the lumen shapes and membrane thickness. The lumens changed from spherical to elliptical-type shapes when aryl-amide and fluoroalkyl groups were added. Additives containing –OH group provided the highest contaminant rejection and the least flux whereas those containing aryl amide and fluoroalkyl groups enhanced the water permeability across the PES-based membranes but reduced the contaminant rejection. The PES membrane modified with –OH group was able to reduce residual contaminant concentrations from 14 ppb Cr(VI), 36.9 ppm COD, and 18,300 ppm total bacterial counts (TBC) to 8.3 ppb Cr(VI), 20.3 ppm COD, and 8601 ppm TBC with an intrinsic water permeability of 22.94 LMH/bar.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)20-31
Number of pages12
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume189
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Functional groups
  • Hollow fiber
  • Membrane
  • Polyethersulfone
  • Wastewater

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Nanoporous hollow fiber polyethersulfone membranes for the removal of residual contaminants from treated wastewater effluent: Functional and molecular implications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this