Nanoporous Ag-Au Bimetallic Triangular Nanoprisms Synthesized by Galvanic Replacement for Plasmonic Applications

Hongmei Qian, Shoaib Anwer, G. Bharath, Shahid Iqbal, Lijuan Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Galvanic replacement is a versatile method of converting simple noble metallic nanoparticles into structurally more complex porous multimetallic nanostructures. In this work, roughened nanoporous Ag-Au bimetallic triangular nanoprisms (TNPs) are synthesized by galvanic replacement between smooth Ag triangular plates and AuCl4- ions. Transmission electron microscope and the elementary mapping measurements show that numerous protrusions and pores are formed on the {111} facets, and Ag and Au atoms are homogeneously distributed on the triangular plates. Due to the additional "hot spots" generated by the surface plasmon coupling of the newly formed protrusions and pores, the roughened nanoporous Ag-Au TNP aggregates demonstrate a higher surface-enhanced Raman scattering enhancement factor (seven times larger) and better reproducibility than that of smooth Ag triangular particle aggregates. These synthesized roughened nanoporous Ag-Au bimetallic TNPs are a promising candidate for the applications in analytical chemistry, biological diagnostics, and photothermal therapy due to their excellent plasmonic performances and good biocompatibility.

Original languageBritish English
Article number1263942
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
Volume2018
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

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