Nanolasers: Lasing from nanoscale quantum wires

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Abstract

An overview of the physics and technologies behind the rapid progress of miniaturization of semiconductor lasers, in particular the quantum wire lasers based on one-dimensional nanoscale optical gain media, was presented. It was shown that the material gain and optical feedback were simultaneously achieved by individual nanoscale quantum wires. The one-dimensional semiconductor fabrication technologies based on nanoscale lithography, self-organization, selective growth and chemical synthesis were reviewed. The quantum well lasers are maturing toward commercial applications, but semiconductor lasers based on one-dimensional nanoscale materials are still in their early development stage.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)42-85
Number of pages44
JournalInternational Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume1
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Nanowire
  • One-dimensional nanostructure
  • Quantum confinement
  • Quantum wire
  • Semi-conductor laser

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