Modified Tilt-integral active disturbance rejection controller with inertia emulated direct current link for frequency control of marine microgrid

Abdul Latif, S. M.Suhail Hussain, Ahmed Al-Durra, Tarek H.M. EL-Fouly, Hatem Zeineldin, Sultan Alghamdi, Hatem Sindi, Ehab El-Saadany

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The increasing integration of intermittent renewable sources (RSs) poses a dynamic frequency stability challenge for modern marine vessel microgrids. To address this issue, this paper proposes a novel control approach, specifically targeting frequency and tie-line power stabilization in a diverse source marine microgrid (MμG) with two intertied areas featuring renewable (wind-wave) sources. The suggested approach introduces a modified tilt-integral active disturbance rejection (TI-ADRC) controller designed to ensure effective damping of power frequency oscillations. As the control scheme depends on the optimal setting of the proposed controller, a recently developed marine predator technique (MPT) has been adopted. The performance of the proposed controller is compared with other recent controllers viz. PID, tilt-integral derivative (TID), two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF)-PID, fuzzy-PI, and ADRC to validate its superiority. To further enhance the system dynamics, a precise modeling of inertia emulated direct current (IEPDC) tie link is incorporated in microgrid system. The impact assessments, considering time delays with pre/post IEPDC link, demonstrate a substantial 57.79% and 81.53% reduction in peak frequency overshoot compared to DC link (conventional model) and AC link, respectively. The analysis of the eigen plot confirms the stability of the control system. Sensitivity assessments of the controller against ± 30% parametric variations and load fluctuations are conducted, affirming its robustness. Finally, the result from OPAL-RT confirm the practicality of the proposed method. It is asserted that the suggested controller is reliable and functions well in n the presence of diverse disruptions and parametric variations.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)388-403
    Number of pages16
    JournalISA Transactions
    Volume150
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2024

    Keywords

    • Load frequency regulation
    • Marine microgrid
    • Marine predators technique
    • Modified TI-ADRC
    • Precise DC link

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