Modelling of a recirculating photocatalytic microreactor implementing mesoporous N-TiO2 modified with graphene

Ahmed Yusuf, Habeebllah Oladipo, Lütfiye Yildiz Ozer, Corrado Garlisi, Vittorio Loddo, Mohammad Abu Zahra, Giovanni Palmisano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of microreactors in (photo)catalytic processes offers new possibilities for studying and optimizing many mass and photon transfer limited reactions. In this study, we propose a scalable computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model for the prediction of photocatalytic degradation of a model pollutant (4-nitrophenol) using immobilized N-doped TiO2 grown over reduced graphene oxide (N-TiO2/rGO) in a photocatalytic microreactor working in continuous flow-recirculation mode. The mode of operation used in this study allows the reduction of mass transfer limitations inherent to heterogeneous photocatalytic reactions taking place on immobilized catalysts. A CFD model was developed for effective prediction of experimental results using COMSOL multi-physics. The experiment and the model results clearly showed a good agreement. The model parameters were determined through fitting the model with the experimental data, adsorption rate constants were estimated to be 1.76 × 104 m3 mol−1 h−1 and 0.0252 h−1 for monolayer (kads,m and kdes,m), 1.76 × 104 m3 mol−1 h−1 and 0.0126 h−1 for multilayer (kads,n and kdes,n); and the intrinsic rate constant (ks) was 2.02 h−1. This proposed model herein could serve as a practical tool to improve and optimize an extensive number of photocatalytic reactions for (waste)water applications in microreactors operating in recirculation mode.

Original languageBritish English
Article number123574
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume391
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • CFD modelling
  • Microreactor
  • Photocatalysis
  • Total recirculation

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