Modelling drying kinetic of oyster mushroom dehydration – The optimization of drying conditions for dehydratation of Pleurotus species

Thi Ngoc Thu Tran, Kuan Shiong Khoo, Kit Wayne Chew, Tra Qui Phan, Hong Son Nguyen, Toan Nguyen-Sy, Thi Dong Phuong Nguyen, Wei Hsin Chen, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pleurotus drying was well-studied because of the necessity in storage and transportation as well as human-eating preferences. Dehydration of mushroom at different temperatures was investigated to evaluate the effect of drying temperature on moisture content and the drying kinetic for two species namely, Pleurotus florida (P. florida) and Pleurotus sajor-caju (P. sajor-caju) via natural convective dehydration drying mode, which forces us to an important requirement in energy consumption for environmental protection. Earlier models of drying kinetics for food materials were examined to describe the behavior of dried mushrooms and to find which the concordance of the model to temperature and time of dehydration. The final moisture content was achieved 0.04 kg water/kg dry matter for both experimental temperatures, however, drying temperature at 70 °C was chosen for further drying process due to attain drying time at 520 min and the effective moisture diffusion coefficient, Deff in high value at 7.42 × 10−10 and 7.85 × 10−10 m2/s as well the activation energy of 23 and 21 kJ/mol for P. florida and P. sajor-caju, respectively. Although, with more dominant in value of Deff as drying mushrooms at 80 °C for 420 min to achieve the final moisture in comparison to remaining temperatures, this temperature was not an optimal option for dehydrating mushrooms due to affecting sensory, shrinkage and energy consumption.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)840-845
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science for Energy Technologies
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Dehydration
  • Dried mushroom
  • Drying conditions
  • Drying kinetic
  • Pleurotus mushroom

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