Modeling the interfacial effect on the yield strength and flow stress of thin metal films on substrates

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Abstract

It is shown in this paper that interfacial effects have a profound impact on the scale-dependent yield strength and strain hardening rates (flow stress) of metallic thin films on elastic substrates. This is achieved by developing a higher-order strain gradient plasticity theory based on the principle of virtual power and the laws of thermodynamics. This theory enforces microscopic boundary conditions at interfaces which relate a microtraction stress to the interfacial energy at the interface. It is shown that the film bulk length scale controls the size effect if a rigid interface is assumed whereas the interfacial length scale dominates if a compliant interface is assumed.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalMechanics Research Communications
Volume35
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008

Keywords

  • Interfacial energy
  • Length scale
  • Nonlocal
  • Size effect
  • Thin films

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