Modeling of Hierarchical Cathodes for Li-Air Batteries with Improved Discharge Capacity

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The non-aqueous Li-air battery is considered to be a promising energy source for electric-vehicles owing to its ultrahigh theoretical energy density. However, its commercialization is limited by the attained lower energy density value, which is mainly due to pore blockage and passivation which requires a more strategic design of the cathode. In this work, we have developed and validated a detailed one-dimensional continuum model of Li-Air battery that helps in examining the potential of hierarchical cathodes in guiding and enhancing the efficiency of ions transport and discharge product formation inside microstructures. The obtained results reveal the importance of reducing the tortuosity (shorten the path of oxygen transport) and increasing porosity at the airside of the hierarchical cathode, which improved discharge capacity at approximately 20.9 and 56%, respectively. The improved capacity is due to enhanced effective oxygen transport, impregnation of electrolyte, alignment of pores, and formation of permeable and low crystalline aggregates of Li2O2. Hence, strategies considering these insights can help in the design and fabrication of non-aqueous Li-air batteries with enhanced energy density and capacity.

Original languageBritish English
Article number120534
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2021


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