Modeling complex associating mixtures with [Cn-mim][Tf 2N] ionic liquids: Predictions from the soft-SAFT equation

F. Llovell, E. Valente, O. Vilaseca, L. F. Vega

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In a previous work (Andreu and Vega, J. Phys. Chem.B2008, 111, 16028), we presented a simple model for the imidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) with the bis(trifluorosulfonyl)imide anion [Tf2N]- in the context of the soft-SAFT equation of state. The model was successfully used to predict the solubility of several gases in these ILs. However, the small amount of experimental data made the predictions less accurate when going into more complex mixtures and one or two fitted binary parameters were needed in some cases. In this work, we have reparameterized our previous model and evaluated its reliability to predict the behavior of these ionic liquids in binary mixtures with other associating compounds. Model parameters for the ionic liquids were estimated using new experimental density data at atmospheric pressure in an extended range of temperatures, from 273 until 473 K, consistent within the range of temperatures previously measured by other authors. The new set of molecular parameters has been tested to predict the density of several members of the family at higher pressures up to 60 MPa with the same degree of accuracy than at atmospheric values. In addition to density-temperature data, interfacial tensions and the isothermal compressibility of some compounds were predicted in reasonable good agreement with experimental data. The molecular parameters of the pure compounds were used then, in a predictive manner, to describe the behavior of binary mixtures with other imidazolium ionic liquids, changing either the cation or the anion. Predictions for some mixtures with methanol, ethanol, and water were compared with experimental data, providing an excellent description of the systems, with no fitting to mixture data in almost all the cases. The excellent results obtained in this work reinforce the need to have accurate data, showing that molecular based models can be used to assess the validity of these data. In addition, this work also shows that a simple model in which the physics of the system is kept is good enough to describe the complex behavior of associating mixtures of ionic liquids, without the need of additional parameters that may obscure the real physics of the system.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)4387-4398
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number15
StatePublished - 21 Apr 2011


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