Minimizing Energy Consumption Through Traffic Offloading in HetNets with Two-Class Traffic

Yujae Song, Peng Yong Kong, Youngnam Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


In this letter, we propose a traffic offloading method to minimize the energy consumption of two-tier heterogeneous networks that support two classes of packets with different delay requirements. We derive a scheme to determine the optimal base station (BS) association biases that minimize the packet delays given an energy consumption. By employing the scheme iteratively, we can determine the minimum network energy consumption required in satisfying simultaneously different delay requirements of two packet classes. Numerical results confirm that, by means of optimal BS association biases, the desired packet delays can be achieved with a lower network energy consumption when compared with the case of not controlling BS association biases. This result arrives at a conclusion that traffic offloading with optimal BS association biases can lead to network energy saving.

Original languageBritish English
Article number7120929
Pages (from-to)1394-1397
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Communications Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015


  • Association bias
  • energy consumption
  • heterogeneous network
  • packet delay
  • Traffic offloading


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