Micromechanical finite element analysis of the effects of martensite morphology on the overall mechanical behavior of dual phase steel

Najmul H. Abid, Rashid K. Abu Al-Rub, Anthony N. Palazotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Strong and ductile dual-phase (DP) steels are an important class of advanced high strength steels that are commonly used by the automotive industry. Micromechanical computational modeling is imperative for guiding the material design of DP steels with simultaneous enhancements in strength and ductility. In this study, the effect of the morphology of the martensite hard phase on the overall stress-strain response of DP steels is studied. Through generating realistic virtual representative volume elements (RVEs) and adapting a microstructural-based approach using a finite deformation elastic-viscoplastic constitutive model, it was possible to conduct various parametric studies of the effects of martensite phase on the strength and ductility of DP steel. Morphological parameters of the martensite phase that are studied include (1) effect of aspect ratio (equiaxed versus elongated), (2) effects of the combination of various aspect ratio within an RVE, and (3) effect of interconnectivity between martensite particles and its thickness. It is shown that elongated martensite particles lead to a better overall performance than that of equiaxed martensite particles. It is found that by having the martensite phase interconnected, both strength and ductility increase. Furthermore, it is shown that the increase in the volume fraction of equiaxed martensite particles within microstructures of elongated particles reduces the strength and ductility simultaneously. Overall, it is concluded that the morphology of the martensite phase in DP steels impacts more the ductility than strength.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)8-24
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Dual phase steel
  • Finite element analysis
  • Martensite morphology
  • Microstructural modeling
  • Strength and ductility


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