met-enkephalin decreases in adjuvant arthritic ankles

Adlan M. Elhassan, Abdu Adem, J. Urban Lindgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective. To study whether met-enkephalin (met-enk) concentration changes in adjuvant arthritic ankles and spinal cords. Methods. Adjuvant arthritis was induced by intradermal injection of Mycobacterium butyricum in paraffin oil, into the base of rat tail. The levels of met-enk were measured using radioimmunoassay and high performance liquid chromatography electrochemical detection in arthritic ankle and spinal cord of arthritic and control rats. Protein concentration was measured according to Lowry method. Results. We observed a significant decrease of concentration of met-enk in ankle joints of chronic arthritic rats. However, increased concentration of met-enk was obtained in the spinal cord of chronic arthritic rats. Conclusion. The significant reduction of met-enk concentration in the arthritic ankle joints indicates a possible role for the endogenous opioid peptide in arthritis.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1953-1956
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1998


  • Adjuvant
  • Ankle
  • Arthritis
  • met-enkephalin
  • Spinal cord


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