Mesoporous, hierarchical core/shell structured ZnCo2O4/MnO2 nanocone forests for high-performance supercapacitors

Kangwen Qiu, Yang Lu, Deyang Zhang, Jinbing Cheng, Hailong Yan, Jinyou Xu, Xianming Liu, Jang Kyo Kim, Yongsong Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

282 Scopus citations

Abstract

ZnCo2O4/MnO2 nanocone forests with a mesoporous, hierarchical core-shell structure and a large surface area were hydrothermally grown on 3D nickel foam. The supercapacitor electrodes prepared from the unique structure exhibits exceptional specific capacitances of 2339 and 1526Fg-1 at current densities of 1 and 10Ag-1, respectively, and long-term capacity retention of ~95.9% after 3000 cycles at 2Ag-1 and 94.5% after 8000 cycles at 10Ag-1. These values are proven to be the highest when the capacitances are compared between the current study and similar core/shell-structured metal oxide electrodes taken from the literature. Many synergistic effects are identified to be responsible for the observations: namely, highly conductive 3D Ni foam substrate that totally eliminate binders and conductive additives; high crystalline quality of the ZnCo2O4 core which is directly grown on the conductive current collector, allowing fast electron transport; and the mesoporous MnO2 shell with a huge surface area for fast ion diffusion and intimate electrode/electrolyte contact. In addition, the nanostructured core and shell have redox reactions with anions and cations from the electrolyte, respectively, both of which contribute much to electrochemical charge storage.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)687-696
Number of pages10
JournalNano Energy
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Core/shell structure
  • Mesopores
  • Nanocone forest
  • Supercapacitor
  • ZnCoO/MnO

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