Membrane oscillation and slot (pore) blocking in oil–water separation

Asmat Ullah, Jamil Ahmad, Hayat Khan, Sajjad Wali Khan, Farhad Zamani, Shadi W. Hasan, Victor M. Starov, Jia Wei Chew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deformable oil drops of two interfacial tensions (namely, 4 and 30 mN m−1) were filtered through a slotted-pore membrane (with pore dimensions of 4 × 400 μm) at four vibrational shear rates (namely, 0, 1200, 3200 and 8000 s−1) and two permeate fluxes (namely, 200 and 1000 l m−2 h−1). The membrane material was made of nickel. The membrane surface was modified with Poly tetra fluoroethylene (PTFE)F for better performance in-terms of higher flux rate rejection. The oil with the lower interfacial tension was more deformable, because the increase in TMP was less due to the passage of even larger drops to the slot opening, also the permeate quality was lower as a result of the higher concentration of the oil in the permeate. The impact of interfacial tension was more significant under the following conditions; first at lower shear rates, the particle back-transport effects become more dominant than the deformability effects at higher shear rates, and secondly at the higher permeate flux, the higher permeate drag enhances the deformability effects. Discrepancies were observed between experimental results and model predictions based on circular membrane pores and non-deformable foulants. In the future, it is expected that a better agreement of the experimental results and the analytical model could be obtained if the model is modified for the slotted pore membrane.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)111-120
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Volume142
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Drops deformation
  • Membrane oscillation
  • Particle-membrane interaction
  • Pore blocking
  • Slotted pore membrane

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