Membrane desalination driven by solar energy

Fawzi Banat, Hazim Qiblawey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, membrane technology has become increasingly significant and has been widely used in desalination. Some membrane processes, such as reverse osmosis and electrodialysis are used commercially while others such as membrane distillation are still in the research and development stages. This study reviewed the current status of a number of solar thermal and solar PV technologies that can be coupled with water membrane-based desalination processes. Solar systems have the potential to power membrane-based desalination plants but still cannot compete favorably with fossil fuel based energy desalination. Nevertheless, these systems remain a valid option for small scale units in remote areas.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publicationSolar Desalination for the 21st Century
Subtitle of host publicationA Review of Modern Technologies and Researches on Desalination Coupled to Renewable Energies
Pages271-291
Number of pages21
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Publication series

NameNATO Security through Science Series C: Environmental Security
ISSN (Print)1871-4668

Keywords

  • Electrodialysis
  • Energy consumption
  • Membrane distillation
  • PV
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Solar energy

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