Magnetic graphene/chitosan nanocomposite: A promising nano-adsorbent for the removal of 2-naphthol from aqueous solution and their kinetic studies

A. Rebekah, G. Bharath, Mu Naushad, C. Viswanathan, N. Ponpandian

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    47 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    In this study, magnetic/graphene/chitosan nanocomposite (MGCH) is prepared through facile solvothermal process and employed as an adsorbent for the removal of 2-naphthol from aqueous solution. The physico-chemical characteristic results of FESEM, Raman, FTIR, XRD and VSM confirms that the MGCH nanocomposite is effectively prepared. The FESEM and EDS analysis reveals that the high density of spherical-like Fe3O4 nanoparticles and chitosan are successfully assembled on the surfaces of the graphene sheets. VSM result of MGCH composite exhibited higher saturation magnetization of 46.5 emu g−1 and lower coercivity (Hc) of 50 Oe. This result discloses that MGCH possesses enough response required for the separation from aqueous solution. The batch mode adsorption studies demonstrates that MGCH based adsorbent showed almost 99.8% adsorption of 2-naphthol with a maximum adsorption capacity of 169.49 mg g−1 at pH 2. Moreover, the kinetic studies of the samples are performed by fitting adsorption models to ensure the nature of the adsorption system. This work proves that MGCH nanocomposite can be used as high-performance adsorbent for removing of phenolic pollutants from contaminated wastewater.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)530-538
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
    Volume159
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 15 Sep 2020

    Keywords

    • 2-Naphthol
    • Adsorption
    • Chitosan
    • Graphene
    • Kinetic studies
    • Nanocomposite

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