Machine learning prediction models for battery-electric bus energy consumption in transit

Hatem Abdelaty, Abdullah Al-Obaidi, Moataz Mohamed, Hany E.Z. Farag

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    49 Scopus citations


    The energy consumption (EC) of battery-electric buses (BEB) varies significantly due to the intertwined relationships of vehicular, operational, topological, and external parameters. This variation is posing several challenges to predict BEB's energy consumption. Several studies are calling for the development of data-driven models to address this challenge. This study develops and compares seven data-driven modelling techniques that cover both machine learning and statistical models. The models are based on a full-factorial experimental design (n = 907,199) of a validated Simulink energy simulation model. The models are then used to predict EC using a testing dataset (n = 169,344). The results show some minor discrepancies between the developed models. All models explained more than 90% of the energy consumption variance. Further, the results indicate that road gradient and the battery state of charge are the most influential factors on EC, while driver behaviour and drag coefficient have the lowest impact.

    Original languageBritish English
    Article number102868
    JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
    StatePublished - Jul 2021


    • Battery electric buses
    • Data-driven modelling techniques
    • Energy consumption
    • Factorial design
    • Operational/topological parameters
    • Sensitivity analysis


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