Machine learning and cognitive ergonomics in air traffic management: Recent developments and considerations for certification

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Abstract

Resurgent interest in artificial intelligence (AI) techniques focused research attention on their application in aviation systems including air traffic management (ATM), air traffic flow management (ATFM), and unmanned aerial systems traffic management (UTM). By considering a novel cognitive human-machine interface (HMI), configured via machine learning, we examined the requirements for such techniques to be deployed operationally in an ATM system, exploring aspects of vendor verification, regulatory certification, and end-user acceptance. We conclude that research into related fields such as explainable AI (XAI) and computer-aided verification needs to keep pace with applied AI research in order to close the research gaps that could hinder operational deployment. Furthermore, we postulate that the increasing levels of automation and autonomy introduced by AI techniques will eventually subject ATM systems to certification requirements, and we propose a means by which ground-based ATM systems can be accommodated into the existing certification framework for aviation systems.

Original languageBritish English
Article number103
JournalAerospace
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Air traffic management
  • Cognitive HMI
  • Computer-aided verification
  • Explainable artificial intelligence
  • Machine learning

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