Low-salinity water-alternating-CO2 EOR

Tadesse Weldu Teklu, Waleed Alameri, Ramona M. Graves, Hossein Kazemi, Ali M. AlSumaiti

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    80 Scopus citations


    Carbon dioxide flooding is currently the most technically and economically viable enhanced oil recovery (EOR) process in carbonate and sandstone reservoirs. Low-salinity waterflood is a relatively new EOR process; and our experiments in carbonate cores show significant oil recovery improvements with low-salinity waterflood. We propose a new EOR process to improve recovery, which involves low-salinity water-alternating-CO2/gas (LS-WACO2 or LS-WAG) injection.To evaluate the proposed idea, three core floods and several contact angle and IFT measurements were performed. The core floods include: seawater flood, followed by low-salinity waterflood, followed by CO2 injection, which yielded fourteen, twenty-five, and thirty-eight percent additional oil recovery by CO2 from two carbonate and one sandstone experiments.We performed contact angle measurements on several low-permeability carbonate, medium-permeability Berea sandstone, and ultra-low permeability Three Forks mudstone core discs using different salinities brine with and without CO2 gas. The contact angle measurements confirmed that favorable wettability alteration is achievable with the proposed EOR process. In addition, visual observations suggested that the proposed EOR process could be effective for cleaning the matrix-fracture interface in conventional and unconventional reservoirs. Interfacial tension (IFT) measurements and correlation relevant to the EOR process is also included in this study.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)101-118
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
    StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016


    • CO2 EOR
    • Interfacial tension (IFT)
    • Low-Salinity water EOR
    • LS-WACO2
    • LS-WAG
    • Wettability alteration


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