Low-impulse blast behaviour of fibre-metal laminates

T. P. Vo, Z. W. Guan, W. J. Cantwell, G. K. Schleyer

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61 Scopus citations


This paper presents three dimensional (3D) finite element (FE) models of the low-impulse localised blast loading response of fibre-metal laminates (FMLs) based on an 2024-O aluminium alloy and a woven glass-fibre/polypropylene composite (GFPP). A vectorized user material subroutine (VUMAT) is developed to define the mechanical constitutive behaviour and Hashin's 3D failure criteria incorporating strain-rate effects in the GFPP. In order to apply localised blast loading, a user subroutine VDLOAD is used to model the pressure distribution over the exposed area of the plate. These subroutines are implemented into the commercial finite element code ABAQUS/Explicit to model the deformation and failure mechanisms in FMLs. The FE models consider FMLs based on various stacking configurations. Both the transient and permanent displacements of the laminates are investigated. Good correlation is obtained between the measured experimental and numerical displacements, the panel deformations and failure modes. By using the validated models, parametric studies can be carried out to optimise the blast resistance of FMLs based on a range of stacking sequences and layer thicknesses.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)954-965
Number of pages12
JournalComposite Structures
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2012


  • Fibre-metal laminates
  • Finite element models
  • Hashin's 3D failure criteria
  • Localised blast loading
  • Strain-rate effects


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