Local-Sensitive Connectivity Filter (LS-CF): A Post-Processing Unsupervised Improvement of the Frangi, Hessian and Vesselness Filters for Multimodal Vessel Segmentation

Erick O. Rodrigues, Lucas O. Rodrigues, João H.P. Machado, Dalcimar Casanova, Marcelo Teixeira, Jeferson T. Oliva, Giovani Bernardes, Panos Liatsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A retinal vessel analysis is a procedure that can be used as an assessment of risks to the eye. This work proposes an unsupervised multimodal approach that improves the response of the Frangi filter, enabling automatic vessel segmentation. We propose a filter that computes pixel-level vessel continuity while introducing a local tolerance heuristic to fill in vessel discontinuities produced by the Frangi response. This proposal, called the local-sensitive connectivity filter (LS-CF), is compared against a naive connectivity filter to the baseline thresholded Frangi filter response and to the naive connectivity filter response in combination with the morphological closing and to the current approaches in the literature. The proposal was able to achieve competitive results in a variety of multimodal datasets. It was robust enough to outperform all the state-of-the-art approaches in the literature for the OSIRIX angiographic dataset in terms of accuracy and 4 out of 5 works in the case of the IOSTAR dataset while also outperforming several works in the case of the DRIVE and STARE datasets and 6 out of 10 in the CHASE-DB dataset. For the CHASE-DB, it also outperformed all the state-of-the-art unsupervised methods.

Original languageBritish English
Article number291
JournalJournal of Imaging
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Frangi filter
  • unsupervised learning
  • vessel segmentation
  • vesselness

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