Li4Ti5O12-Based Battery Energy Storage System with Dual-Phase Cathode

Weijing Yang, Maohui Zhang, Shangde Ma, Ying Luo, Bangling Zhang, Shen Wang, Liqin Yan, Zhiming Tong, Taolin Lu, Yong Ning Zhou, Samuel S. Mao, Sheng Sui, Yixiao Zhang, Jingying Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Lithium-ion batteries with spinel Li4Ti5O12 materials as anode, which can offer fast charge times, high power output, superior safety, and long life, are considered to be a competitive choice for grid-scale energy storage systems (ESS). Herein, a 10 Ah lithium–titanate battery with lithium cobalt oxide–lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide dual-phase cathode is developed and its application in 100 kWh-level ESS is investigated. The 10 Ah single battery demonstrates a specific capacity of 79 Wh kg−1 with a high-capacity retention rate of 91.8% after 1000 cycles at 55 °C and >80% capacity retention at 15 Ccell. The 125 kWh ESS shows an energy efficiency of 97.82% and 89.97% at 0.2 and 1.5 CSystem, respectively. Self-discharge and constant power tests indicate that the battery system is stable, thus suitable for storing intermittent power from renewable sources such as solar and wind. The system's ability of smoothing the fluctuated power is confirmed by coordinating with a wind power system.

Original languageBritish English
JournalEnergy Technology
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • energy storage systems
  • lithium titanium oxide
  • lithium-ion batteries


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