Liquification of 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol into hydrophobic eutectic mixtures: A multi-criteria design for eco-efficient boron recovery

Ghaiath Almustafa, Ahmad S. Darwish, Tarek Lemaoui, Matthew J. O'Conner, Shady Amin, Hassan A. Arafat, Inas AlNashef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

New genres of ionic liquids and deep eutectic solvents (DES) have recently emerged as eco-efficient “designer's solvents”. Herein, we report the liquification of the water soluble diol 2,2,4-trimehtyl-1,3-pentanediol (TMPD) into a novel hydrophobic DES with thymol or menthol, where the intrinsic supercooling properties of the constituents yielded eutectic mixtures with a wide liquid window and superior capabilities for boron extraction. The design framework of the TMPD-based DESs considered multiple criteria in which the trade-offs between the solvents’ properties, its boron extraction efficiency and leachability to the aqueous phase were thoroughly mapped. Formation of stable TMPD-boric acid complexes provided exceptional selectivity towards boron extraction from a synthetic brine solution. The performance of TMPD-based DESs was verified over various extraction parameters, with a single-stage extraction efficiency of ~ 98%, sustained stability over a wide pH range (2 – 8) and reusability over multiple regeneration cycle. This remarkable performance of the newly developed DESs associate the role of the TMPD as both a DES constituent and an active boron extractant, which disregards the use of hazardous organic diluents.

Original languageBritish English
Article number131342
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume426
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • 2,2,4-Trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol
  • Boron
  • Hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents
  • Supercooling
  • Thymol, Menthol

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