Life Cycle Assessment for Carbon Neutrality

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a quantitative technique used to assess the environmental performance of products (including service systems) over the full life cycle. This chapter explores the history of LCA, the key principals of undertaking LCA, and methodological aspects of LCA with a focus on applications in the aviation sector. Key motivations for applying LCA include product differentiation (on environmental performance), identification of eco-efficiency cost savings throughout a supply chain, improved decision support (including for procurement), market and/or legislative compliance, and policy support. In response to the need for more prescriptive LCA approaches, a number of complimentary LCA standards have been developed, including greenhouse gas (‘carbon’) foot-printing standards PAS 2050: 2011 and ISO/TS 14067: 2013. The chapter concludes with a review of LCA trends and an outlook of how LCA can contribute to sustainability in the aviation sector.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publicationSustainable Aviation Technology and Operations
Subtitle of host publicationResearch and Innovation Perspectives
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9781118932599
ISBN (Print)9781118932582
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • aviation sector
  • decision support
  • environmental performance
  • greenhouse gas foot-printing standards
  • life cycle assessment
  • supply chain


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