Laser induced single spot oxidation of titanium

Tahseen Jwad, Sunan Deng, Haider Butt, S. Dimov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Titanium oxides have a wide range of applications in industry, and they can be formed on pure titanium using different methods. Laser-induced oxidation is one of the most reliable methods due to its controllability and selectivity. Colour marking is one of the main applications of the oxidation process. However, the colourizing process based on laser scanning strategies is limited by the relative large processing area in comparison to the beam size. Single spot oxidation of titanium substrates is proposed in this research in order to increase the resolution of the processed area and also to address the requirements of potential new applications. The method is applied to produce oxide films with different thicknesses and hence colours on titanium substrates. High resolution colour image is imprinted on a sheet of pure titanium by converting its pixels’ colours into laser parameter settings. Optical and morphological periodic surface structures are also produced by an array of oxide spots and then analysed. Two colours have been coded into one field and the dependencies of the reflected colours on incident and azimuthal angles of the light are discussed. The findings are of interest to a range of application areas, as they can be used to imprint optical devices such as diffusers and Fresnel lenses on metallic surfaces as well as for colour marking.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)617-624
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Surface Science
StatePublished - 30 Nov 2016


  • Color coding
  • Color patterning
  • Laser-induced colorizing
  • Single spot oxidation
  • Titanium oxide


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