Laser Cooling with an Intermediate State and Electronic Structure Studies of the Molecules CaCs and CaNa

Amal Moussa, Nayla El-Kork, Israa Zeid, Ehab Salem, Mahmoud Korek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ground and excited electronic states of the diatomic molecules CaCs and CaNa have been investigated by implementing the ab initio CASSCF/(MRCI + Q) calculation. The potential energy curves of the doublet and quartet electronic low energy states in the representation 2s+1Δ(±) have been determined for the two considered molecules, in addition to the spectroscopic constants Te, ωe, Be, Re, and the values of the dipole moment μe and the dissociation energy De. The determination of vibrational constants Ev, Bv, Dv, and the turning points Rmin and Rmax up to the vibrational level v = 100 was possible with the use of the canonical functions schemes. Additionally, the transition and the static dipole moments curves, Einstein coefficients, the spontaneous radiative lifetime, the emission oscillator strength, and the Franck-Condon factors are computed. These calculations showed that the molecule CaCs is a good candidate for Doppler laser cooling with an intermediate state. A "four laser"cooling scheme is presented, along with the values of Doppler limit temperature TD = 55.9 μK and the recoil temperature Tr = 132 nK. These results should provide a good reference for experimental spectroscopic and ultra-cold molecular physics studies.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)18577-18596
Number of pages20
JournalACS Omega
Volume7
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Jun 2022

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