L12 ordering and δ′ precipitation in Al-Cu-Li

Pascal Neibecker, Michael Leitner, Muna Kushaim, Torben Boll, Dalaver Anjum, Tala'At Al-Kassab, Ferdinand Haider

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23 Scopus citations


The precipitation mechanism of the δ′ (Al3Li) phase in Al-Li alloys has been controversially discussed in recent decades, specifically with respect to a conjectured congruent ordering process. However, kinetics in the Al-Li system does not allow to resolve the intermediate stages of precipitation and hence to experimentally clarify this issue. In this paper, we are revisiting the subject in ternary Al-Cu-Li alloys with pronouncedly slower kinetics, employing Transmission Electron Microscopy, High-Angle Annular Dark-Field Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy, Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Atom Probe Tomography. The results show clear evidence for congruent ordering in a selected compositional range, revealing an already strongly L12 ordered microstructure after natural aging with a chemically homogeneous Li distribution and a decomposition of the alloy upon annealing at elevated temperatures. The presented study of the δ′ precipitation evaluates the reaction pathway of this process and compares it to the predictions of the Bragg-Williams-Gorsky model with respect to decomposition and ordering in this alloy system.

Original languageBritish English
Article number3254
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017


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