Kinetics of superoxide ion in dimethyl sulfoxide containing ionic liquids

Maan Hayyan, Mohd Ali Hashim, Inas M. AlNashef

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11 Scopus citations


The chemical generation of superoxide ion (O2 •−) by dissolving potassium superoxide was investigated. The chemically generated O2 •− was then used to study the long-term stability of O2 •− in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) containing ionic liquids (ILs) and determine the rate constants based on pseudo 1st- and 2nd-order reactions between the IL and O2 •− generated in DMSO. O2 •− was unstable in DMSO containing [S222][TFSI], [DMIm][MS], [BDMIm][TfO], [EMIm][TFSI], [EMIm][MS], [P14,666][TPTP], [P14,666][TFSI], and all pyridinium-based ILs. In contrast, O2 •− was very stable in DMSO containing [MOPMPip][TFSI], [BMPyrr][DCA], [BMPyrr][TFSI], [BMPyrr][TfO], [HMPyrr][TFSI], [MOEMPip][TPTP], [BMPyrr][TFA], [N112,1O2][TFSI], and [MOEMMor][TFSI]. This shows that these ILs can be used for different applications involving O2 •−. The reaction rate constant, total consumption, and consumption rate of O2 •− were determined. The rate constants of O2 •− in some ILs were found to follow pseudo 1st-order reaction, while in others, pseudo 2nd-order reaction kinetics were observed.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)719-728
Number of pages10
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2015


  • Aprotic solvents
  • Ionic liquids
  • Oxygen reduction
  • Potassium superoxide
  • Reaction engineering
  • Superoxide ion


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