Kinetics and mechanistic studies of CO-rich hydrogen production by CH4/CO2 reforming over Praseodymia supported cobalt catalysts

Bamidele V. Ayodele, Sureena Binti Abdullah, Chin Kui Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The production of hydrogen and syngas by catalytic methane dry reforming is often accompanied by carbon deposition. In order to mitigate the effect of carbon deposition, it is important to have a full understanding of the elementary steps involve in the methane dry reforming over a given catalyst. This will enable the proper design and optimization of such catalyst to minimize catalyst deactivation by carbon deposition. In this study, the kinetic and mechanistic features of 20 wt%Co/Pr2O3 catalyst in the methane dry reforming reaction has been investigated as a function of CH4 and CO2 partial pressures and reaction temperature. The 20 wt%Co/Pr2O3 catalyst was synthesized by wet impregnation method and characterized for its physicochemical properties by TGA, XRD, N2-physisorption analysis, TEM, FESEM, EDX, H2-TPR, NH3 and CO2. The excellent physicochemical properties of the 20 wt%Co/Pr2O3 catalysts resulted in a high rate of CH4 (rCH4) and CO2 (rCO2)consumption. The highest values of 3.6 mmol gcat−1 min−1 and 3.2 mmol gcat−1 min−1 were obtained for rCH4 and rCO2, respectively at 50 kPa and 1023 K. The kinetic behavior of the as-synthesized 20 wt%Co/Pr2O3 catalyst in the methane dry reforming reaction was measured in a fixed bed stainless steel reactor at CH4/CO2 partial pressure range of 5–50 kPa and temperature range of 923–1023 K. The data obtained from the kinetic measurement were fitted into seven Langmuir-Hinshelwood (LH) Models. The Model were statistically discriminated using root mean square deviation (rmsd) and coefficient of determination (R2). The statistical analysis revealed that LH kinetic Model 7 (2-step dual site rate determining steps (RDS) involving CH4 activation by metal Co and C gasification by adsorbed CO2 on support site) fits very well the experimental data. The R2 values of 0.962, 0.982, and 0.989 as well as, rmsd values of 0.095 0.038, and 0.035 were obtained at 923, 973, and 1023 K respectively. Activation energies of 61.67 and 32.52 kJ/mol were obtained for the rate of consumptions of CH4 and CO2, an indication that lower energy barrier is required for the activation of CO2 compared to CH4. Based on Model 7, the mechanism of the methane dry reforming reaction over the 20 wt%Co/Pr2O3 catalyst can best be described by 2-step dual site rate determining steps whereby the activation of CH4 by the metal Co resulted in hydrogen and carbon formation. The carbon formed was subsequently gasified by the lattice oxygen released from the activation of the CO2 by the support site.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)28408-28424
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume42
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Cobalt
  • Hydrogen
  • Kinetics
  • Methane dry reforming
  • Praseodymia
  • Syngas

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