Joint Optimization of Beamforming, Phase-Shifting and Power Allocation in a Multi-Cluster IRS-NOMA Network

Ximing Xie, Fang Fang, Zhiguo Ding

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58 Scopus citations


The combination of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) and intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) is an efficient solution to significantly enhance the energy efficiency of the wireless communication system. In this paper, a downlink multi-cluster NOMA network is considered, where each cluster is supported by one IRS. This paper aims to minimize the transmit power by jointly optimizing the beamforming, the power allocation and the phase shift of each IRS. The formulated problem is non-convex and challenging to be solved due to the coupled variables, i.e., the beamforming vector, the power allocation coefficient and the phase shift matrix. To address this non-convex problem, an alternating optimization based algorithm is proposed. Specifically, the primal problem is divided into two subproblems for beamforming optimization and phase shifting feasiblity, where the two subproblems are solved iteratively. Moreover, to guarantee the feasibility of the beamforming optimization problem, an iterative algorithm is proposed to search the feasible initial points. To reduce the complexity, a simplified algorithm based on partial exhaustive search for this system model is also proposed. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed alternating algorithm can yield a better performance gain than the partial exhaustive search algorithm, NOMA with random IRS phase shift scheme and OMA-IRS scheme.

Original languageBritish English
Article number9459531
Pages (from-to)7705-7717
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • Intelligent reflective surface (IRS)
  • non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)
  • transmit power optimization


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