Investigation on the recovery of gold and silver from cyanide tailings using chlorination roasting process

Haoyu Li, Aiyuan Ma, C. Srinivasakannan, Libo Zhang, Shiwei Li, Shaohua Yin

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69 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, a chlorination roasting method for the extraction of precious metals (gold and silver) from the cyanide tailings (CT) was investigated. The decomposition mechanism of the CaCl2 used as chloride agent was presented during the chlorination roasting. The Au and Ag recovery as high as 91.6% and 54.7% under the optimum experiment conditions would be achieved. The optimal process conditions were identified to be a CaCl2 content 4%, chlorination temperature 1323 K and chlorination duration of 2 h. The microstructures of CT before and after roasting were examined by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the volatilization process of the chloride of Au and Ag was assessed. The chlorination behaviors of all the phases in the CT in air atmosphere was analyzed using the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and the phase transformation of the main phase during roasting were analyzed by using X-ray diffraction (XRD). The chlorination roasting process shows unique advantage for treating the secondary sources of CT, additionally being environmentally benign.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)241-249
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume763
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Chlorination roasting
  • Cyanide tailings
  • Precious metal
  • Thermodynamic analysis

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